Concentrated reagents Specific gravity (SG) Molarity
(M)
Normality (N) Volume (ml) required to make 1 litre of solution:
1M 1N
Acetic acid 99.5%   17.4 17.4 57.5 57.5
Ammonia 35% 0.880 18.1 18.1 55.3 55.3
Ammonia 25% 0.910 13.4 13.4 74.6 74.6
Hydrochloric acid 36% 1.18 11.65 11.65 85.8 85.8
Hydrochloric acid 32% 1.16 10.2 10.2 98.0 98.0
Hydrofluoric acid 40% 1.13 22.6 22.6 44.2 44.2
Nitric acid 70% 1.42 15.8 15.8 63.3 63.3
Perchloric acid 60% 1.54 9.2  9.2 108.7 108.7
Perchloric acid 70% 1.67 11.6 11.6 86.2 86.2
Orthophosphoric acid 85% 1.7 15.2 45.6 65.8 21.9
Sodium hydroxide 47% 1.5 17.6 17.6 56.7 56.7
Sulfuric acid 98% 1.84 18.4 36.8 54.3 27.2

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